Ancient Greece, 8th Century B.C. – 600 A.D.
Episode #4 of the course “Most Advanced Ancient Civilizations”
Ancient Greece is well-known for its artistic contributions to history. Ancient Greece is usually referred to as existing between the 8th century and the 6th century. Perhaps the reason they are so well-known for their artistic contributions is because most art was made out of stone, including their temples and other buildings. They had ornate and intricate designs, often created with a particular god in mind. In the same way that the Egyptians created pyramids to their leaders, the Grecians created temples to their gods. Two of the most famous structures are the Acropolis in Athens and the Parthenon. The structures created during the Ancient Greek period continue to be replicated today and influenced some of the greatest artists and architects to have ever lived, including Michelangelo.
Alexander the Great is one of the most well-known leaders of all time, and he lived during the Grecian period. He took over the Greek people and established cities in Syria, Bactria, Egypt (Alexandria), and Iran, creating an empire that marked the beginning of the Hellenistic Age. Alexander the Great is definitely not the only famous name from Greek culture. Greece is also known for its great scientists and philosophers. For example, Archimedes lived in a Greek seaport colony, and he is famous for anticipating many of the modern discoveries of science and mathematics like calculus and the volumes of spheres. Aristotle, Plato, and Socrates were all Greek philosophers. Homer, the great poet, also lived in Ancient Greece.
Ancient Greece is also famous for the creation of the Olympic games. When they began, they were held in honor of the Grecian gods. At first, only Greek nationals could participate in this one-day event, and women were not even allowed to watch the games. They gradually expanded the games as the years progressed, including an entire day for sacrifice to the gods.
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